Deepavali, the festival of "rows of lights" (Deep =
Lamp, Vali =Array), is one of the most important of all Hindu
festivals. It is also a significant festival for the Sikh and
Jain faiths. Of all the festivals celebrated in India, Diwali is
by far the most glamorous and important.........
The National Anthem of India
The Indian National anthem,
originally composed in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in
its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of
India on 24 January 1950. It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the
Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress. The complete song consists
of five stanzas. Playing time of full version of the National Anthem is
approximately 52 seconds. The lyrics were rendered into English by
Rabindranath Tagore himself.
जन गण मन अधिनायक जय हे
पंजाब सिन्धु गुजरात मराठा
द्राविड़ उत्कल बंगा
विन्ध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा
उच्छल जलधि तरंगा
तव शुभ नामे जागे
तव शुभ आशीष मागे
गाहे तव जयगाथा
जन गण मंगलदायक जय हे
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे
जय जय जय जय हे!
Jana gana mana adhi naayaka
Bhaarat bhaagya vidhaata
Punjab Sindh Gujarat Maraatha,
Dravid Utkala Bangaa.
Vindhya Himachala Yamuna Ganga,
Uchhala jaladhi taranga.
Tava shubh naame jaage,
Tava shubh aashish maage,
Gahe tava jaya-gaatha.
Jana-gana-mangaladayaka jaya hai!
Bharat bhagya vidhata.
Jaya hai! Jaya hai! Jaya hai!
Jaya Jaya Jaya Jaya hai!
"Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
dispenser of India's destiny.
The name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sind, Gujarat and Maratha,
of the Dravid and Orissa and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of the Yamuna and Ganga
and is chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The salvation of all people is in thy hand,
thou dispenser of India's destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee."
|Facts About National Anthem
|The song Jana-gana-mana, composed originally in
Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the
Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.
|A formal rendition of the national anthem takes
fifty two seconds.
|Back to Patriotic Songs Page